- Most people considered to be Afghan nationals claiming asylum in the UK are unaccompanied minors, who travelled through Europe alone.
- It is possible for people to be deported to Afghanistan once they reach the age 17 1/2, meaning that many who come as minors to the UK spend their childhood growing up in Britain, only to be deported to Afghanistan – a country they remember little about (and therefore are in danger of) [see article links below].
- There is a clear motive for western countries such as the UK to deny asylum to Afghan nationals, and to state that Afghanistan is “safe” enough to deport people to (despite the UK government’s own advice to British citizens travelling to Afghanistan): the UK can then contend that the ongoing 2001 war in Afghanistan is a success.
RESOURCES & ARTICLES
- EU & Afghanistan make deal on deportations: ‘The Joint Way Forward’ (10/2016) Final Document here (10/2016): sets out that up to 50 people per flight in the first 6 months can be deported. Travel documents issued by Afghanistan authorities are necessary, but if they are not issued within 4 weeks, EU member states can issue a travel document. Joint flights from EU member states implied. The building of a returns reception centre (like the one recently built in Nigeria) is suggested. EU agreement states that “the return programmes and reintegration assistance are separate from and irrespective of the development assistance aid provided to Afghanistan.” EU member states are now able to accelerate involuntary returns to Afghanistan of people who have been refused asylum.
- The Bureau of Investigative Journalism records 393-397 reported US drone & air strikes in Afghanistan, and 1,219-1,419 reported killed from the strikes, for 2016 so far (10/2016)
- Mimicking the tactics of Australia, Austria plans large-scale advertising campaign to deter people in Afghanistan from making the journey to Austria, featuring giant billboards, posters on the side of buses, and banner ads on 1000 local websites – featuring translated slogans such as “no asylum in Austria for economic reasons!” and “smugglers lie! Inform yourself!”(03/2016)
- Blanket ban on deportations to Afghanistan is overturned by the Court of Appeal (03/2016)
- Figures show US airstrikes in Afghanistan killing civilians at greatest rate for 7 years (02/2016)
- Revealed that since 2007, 2,748 young people who arrived to the UK as unaccompanied minors, were forcibly removed to Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Libya & Syria after turning 18 [2,018 to Afghanistan] (02/2016): 1 in 5 Afghan teenagers granted asylum.
- Research published demonstrating the difficulties faced by people [often teenagers] forcibly removed to Afghanistan after growing up in the UK (04/2016) Experts suggest that, after years living in the UK, young people’s British connections and Western mannerisms could make them an easy target post-deportation (02/2016)